Scientific Name: 
Carduelis carduelis

13 cm; Male 16 g, Female 15 g. Small finch with striking gold bars on black wings. Adults have brilliant redface, slightly more extensive on the male, especially above and behind the eye; white ear coverts and sides to neck; black crown and half-collar; upperparts and breast soft brown; rest of underparts and rump white; tail black, spotted white near tip. Juvenile pale buff, streaked and spotted darker; wings and tail as in adult. Outside breeding season, usually in flocks, often feeding on seeds of thistles or other weeds. Flight undulating. Male song a pleasant liquid twittering ''tsitt-zuitt-witt''. Habitat: Farmland, orchards, parks and gardens. Breeding: Oct-Mar.

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