25 cm, 90 g. Adult male black with a bright orange bill. Adult female dark brown with paler throat and smudgy mottled breast; bill brown and dull orange. Juvenile rusty brown, especially on head; pale streaks on back and wing coverts; brown barring on underparts; bill dark brown. Immature male (Apr-Jan) has brown wings contrasting with black body. Long tail. Feeds mainly on the ground; hops rather than walks. Song a loud clear tuneful warble, mellower than Song Thrush and not reptitive. Alarm call a persistent sharp ''tchink-tchink''. Habitat: Forest, scrub, farmland with scattered trees or hedges, orchards, parks and gardens. Breeding: Aug-Jan.